Trace metals present in milk are important since nutritional and toxicological pointviews. Many of them as zinc, iron, copper, manganese... play essential roles in human or animals. In general milk is considered a rich source of some elements as Zinc but it is poor in Iron and Copper. In counterpart, some metals as Lead, Cadmium, Mercury have toxic effects on the organism. Milk and dairy products are an important group of foods in the diet for humans, mainly during infancy and childhood, thereby, although toxic metals are present in low amounts in milk, this food is the main source of metals for infants and children.

In this server are compiled some bibliographies on trace metals in milk with a special account for the speciation, interaction with milk components and bioavailability. References are also included on the absorption of toxic metals and its interaction with other nutrients.

This file is maintained by Luis Mata, e-mail: If you know any reference what you think should be included, please contact with me, any comments or suggestion will be also wellcomed.

Last modification: September 5th 1996

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